James Larkin is one of the most popular labor activists in the United Kingdom. He was born on 28th January 1874 in Liverpool, England. James was brought up in slums, and he had no access to formal education. James Larkin’s family was not well financially endowed, and he usually worked in various informal jobs in a bid to supplement what his parents earned. James once worked as a foreman at the Liverpool docks. James Larkin was always committed to what he did, and he believed in socialism. He always felt that the dock employees were not treated as they deserved. This prompted him to join the National Union of Dock Laborers (NUDL). He later became a dedicated full-time union organizer in 1905.
James Larkin never went soft with the dock officials. He had militant strike methods that NUDL did not admire. The organization pushed for his transfer to Dublin in 1907. On arrival, he created the Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union. The primary purpose of this organization was to bring together all the skilled and unskilled laborers in Dublin. This would make the push for their rights easier when they operated as a unified unit. Afterward, James Larkin created the Labor Party. This organization was ever active, and they occasionally led strikes. One of the most notable strikes that were fronted by this organization is the Dublin Lockout. During the strike, many people failed to turn up to work for nearly eight months. The strike eventually yielded the desired effect, and the workers were given the right to fair employment that they sought.
James Larkin continued his fight for labor rights in Ireland. When World War I broke, James Larkin held antiwar demonstrations on Dublin, Ireland to resist the movement. He later went to the United States where he embarked on a campaign to raise fights to be used in fighting the British. James was arrested in 1920 and convicted of anarchy and communism. After three years in prison, James Larkin was pardon. However, he was not allowed to stay in the United States anymore. He was deported to Ireland and created the Workers’ Union of Ireland on arrival. James died in 1947 in Dublin, Ireland.